Cardiac Arrest: Know The Warning Signs

Waseem Jalal

Cardiac arrest is a medical emergency that occurs when the heart suddenly stops beating. It is a life-threatening condition that requires immediate intervention. Recognizing the warning signs of cardiac arrest is crucial for seeking prompt medical attention and performing CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation). Here are some common warning signs of cardiac arrest:

Sudden Loss of Responsiveness:

One of the primary indicators of cardiac arrest is a sudden loss of consciousness and responsiveness. The person may not respond to verbal stimuli, touch, or other attempts to wake them.

Absence of Normal Breathing:

Check for normal breathing. In a cardiac arrest, the person may not be breathing or may have irregular, gasping breaths.

No Pulse or Weak Pulse:

In some cases, you may not be able to detect a pulse. If you’re trained in pulse checks, assess for the absence of a pulse or the presence of a weak, ineffective pulse.

Chest Pain or Discomfort:

While cardiac arrest often occurs without warning, some people may experience chest pain or discomfort before it happens. This can be similar to the symptoms of a heart attack.

Dizziness or Fainting:

Some individuals may experience dizziness or fainting spells before going into cardiac arrest. If someone faints unexpectedly, it’s important to consider the possibility of cardiac arrest.

It’s important to note that cardiac arrest is different from a heart attack. A heart attack occurs when blood flow to a part of the heart muscle is blocked, whereas cardiac arrest involves the sudden cessation of the heart’s pumping function. For more information visit your Cardiologist in karachi.

If you suspect someone is experiencing cardiac arrest, it is crucial to act quickly:

Call for Emergency Assistance:

Dial emergency services immediately and request an ambulance. Time is of the essence in cardiac arrest cases.

Initiate CPR:

If you are trained in CPR, begin chest compressions immediately. Push hard and fast in the center of the chest at a rate of at least 100-120 compressions per minute.

Use an Automated External Defibrillator (AED):

If an AED is available, use it as soon as possible. AEDs can deliver an electric shock to restore the heart’s normal rhythm.

Continue CPR Until Help Arrives:

Continue performing CPR until emergency medical personnel arrive. Early intervention can significantly improve the chances of survival.

Remember, if you are not trained in CPR or uncertain about your ability to perform it, providing chest compressions alone is still beneficial until professional help arrives. Prompt action is crucial in the face of cardiac arrest, and initiating CPR can make a significant difference in saving a person’s life. You can consult a Best Cardiologist in Lahore to know more.

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